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Mark Summary Message

Mark Summary Message


Mark 1:1

“The beginning of the good news about Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God…”

Through last passage of Mark’s gospel, we learned that Jesus rose again and send his angel to the women. The angel gave them a mission to remind the disciples his promise. Jesus appeared to Mary Magdalene and two of his disciples who witnessed his resurrection, but the disciples still did not believe because of their lack of faith and stubborn refusal to believe. Yet when Jesus appeared, rebuked and gave them the mission command, they simply obeyed and God confirmed their work with signs just as he promised. Though we may be like the disciples, fearful and powerless, Jesus is giving us his world mission command. May God help us simply obey Jesus’ command! We may not be able to go out to all nations right now, but we can obey Jesus’ command by reaching out to our family and friends with the gospel of Jesus. When we simply obey, may God bless us with signs and wonders, healing the sick and driving out demons by the power of the Holy Spirit! May God bless us invite them to the upcoming Summer Bible Conference. May God bless this conference to be a heavenly banquet with abundant words of God. Amen!

Thank God for our study of Mark’s gospel over the past year. We began this study with the prayer topic to learn of Jesus, to meet him personally as our Messiah: our Savior and our King. Coming to the last study, what did you learn? I want to remind us of three things Mark’s gospel reveals about Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God and the key verse of Mark’s gospel, 10:45. May God grant us one word of God through today’s passage.

I. Jesus, the Son of God.

First, Mark’s gospel reveals Jesus’ Messianic Identity (1:1; 9:7; 8:29; 11:9; 14:61-62; 15:39). Mark 1:1 again reads, “The beginning of the good news about Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God…” Throughout his gospel, Mark records the testimonies of those around Jesus to help us know who he is. When Jesus first stepped out of obscurity in Nazareth and was baptized by John in the Jordan, God spoke: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased” (1:11). God was pleased to send us his beloved Son. He testified the same thing later on the transfiguration mountain, declaring: “This is my Son, whom I love. Listen to him!” (9:7) God declared that Jesus is his beloved Son. His disciples should listen and follow.

Speaking of the disciples, their opinion matters most because they were the ones who followed Jesus and were with him always. Many people can put up an act on special occasions, but not all the time. Jesus wasn’t putting up an act. Jesus, after living with his disciples, asked their testimony: “‘But what about you?’ he asked. ‘Who do you say I am?’ Peter answered, ‘You are the Messiah’” (8:29). They all agreed, weighing all they had learned and experienced, that Jesus is who claimed to be; the Messiah. Not only his disciples, but the crowds, who, upon seeing Jesus entering Jerusalem, were so sure of his identity as Messiah they spread their cloaks and palm branches on the road and welcomed him shouting: “Hosanna!” “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” (11:9) His enemies could find no charge to hold against him, except that he is the Messiah (14:61-62). Even as Jesus was dying on the cross, having been betrayed and brutally treated, his loud cry stirred the heart of a hardened centurion, who testified clearly, “Surely this man was the Son of God (15:39)!” The confession of the Roman centurion is the third person’s testimony, which proved who Jesus truly is, the Son of God. Mark proved that Jesus is the Son of God by the Father God, by the Scriptures, by his disciples, by the people of Israel, by the miracles, even by the Roman centurion.

Yet, people did not accept Jesus as the Son of God, the Messiah, because he did not save himself, saying, “He saved others, but he cannot save himself. Let this Messiah, this King of Israel, come down now from the cross, that we may see and believe.” They would not accept Jesus because he did not come to save them from the Roman oppression. The Son of God; however, did not come save himself but others. Jesus came in order to save them from their sins.

The point of all this testimony is clear: In our world of pluralism and relativism, often we don’t know for sure who we are. Even people we trust sometimes fail us, as shown through recent police brutality cases. Yet in such a world we can be sure of one thing clearly: Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, who came into our world just as God had said he would.

Second, Mark’s gospel reveals Jesus’ Messianic Authority (1:15; 1:22; et. al. ). Mark introduced his gospel saying: “The beginning of the good news about Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God.” Why good news? When Barack Obama was elected president on a campaign of “Change,” many young people across the country rallied to him, because we want change. We’re tired of the anemic politicking that hurts more than helps. For 8 years President Obama tried to change things, but he was powerless in many ways to affect real change. His popularity has tanked. But what about Jesus? Mark clearly revealed that Jesus’ authority and power to bring change is not anemic or weak even though he looked humble. His message and preaching was, “The kingdom of God is near. Repent and believe the good news.” (1:15), The kingdom of God was proclaimed with authority and power that rattled the entrenched religious monopoly (1:22; 11:14-15). His authority drove out demons (1:27; 5:8-9; 7:29; 9:25), liberating those in bondage to Satan’s power. He used his authority and power to heal the sick: cleansing lepers (1:42), opening the deaf ear and loosening the mute tongue (3:5), restoring sight to the blind (8:25; 10:52). Jesus cared for women and children (1:30-31; 5:29; 7:29), regardless of their healthcare plan. You want to talk about natural disaster recovery? Jesus has authority to calm the winds and the waves (4:39-41). Jesus’ authority forgives sins (2:10), freeing us from guilt and reconciling us to God. Jesus even demonstrated power to raise the dead (5:41-42), and he himself was proved to be the Son of God with power by his resurrection from the dead (16:6; Ro 1:4).

Jesus’ coming into this world as Messiah is good news of great joy for all peoples of all nations, because his title of Messiah isn’t just a title or more of the same. Our Messiah Jesus has all authority and power (Mt 28:18-20), and he is working mightily with those who simply believe and obey even until today proclaiming the truth and power of his kingdom (16:20). There is no valley too deep or mountain too high. All of history is leading to his triumphant return (chapter 13), where all will be revealed and every tear will be wiped and every sorrow ended because death is defeated. Jesus’ coming is the greatest news because he has authority to do just as he promises in our lives, in our families, our community, our world.

Third, Mark’s gospel reveals the power of confessing Jesus as Messiah (8:35; 16:16). What is it that Jesus calls us to do in response to his coming and his identity? First he calls us to believe in him by confessing. Mark and Peter build their gospel up to a climax at Peter’s confession in chapter 8. Jesus tells them to follow him, denying themselves, taking up their cross. Jesus promises that those who lose their lives for Him and the gospel will save it (8:35). In Mark 16:16 Jesus says, “Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved.” What is it we believe and how should we express it? Paul clarifies in Romans 10:9-10, “If you declare with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.” For Peter, this confession was the beginning point of a whole new life in the kingdom of his Messiah Jesus. Those who are baptized into Jesus are making this confession. It is not enough to know him as Messiah; he calls us to confess and follow him. May God bless each one of us to confess that Jesus is the Savior who came to save us from all our sins and problems of life. When we cry out to him, he will come and save us because he is our Superman. Amen!

II. Jesus is the servant of God.
Have you ever met someone who said, “When I grow up, I want to be a servant.” Servantship is not something we naturally aspire to. Rather, we naturally pursue greatness, fame, notoriety, recognition, promotion, leadership, authority, and power. Of course, there is a petty side to our nature in which we just want to be a small person, quietly ignored: “Leave me alone.” Jesus told his disciples to pursue greatness, but not in the world’s way. The world’s way is to exalt oneself, often by defeating or ruling over others. Our market economy thrives on defeating the competition. Politicians often try to make their opponent look bad, even evil. Let’s review what Jesus taught about true greatness and how Jesus showed it. May we grow to be more like Jesus as his true followers.

Once Jesus’ disciples argued with a topic, “Who is the greatest?” as they walked along the road. Jesus used it as a teaching moment. He sat down with his Twelve disciples and said, “Anyone who wants to be first must be the very last, and the servant of all” (Mk 9:35). Not long after that, James and John asked Jesus if they could have the seats on Jesus’ right and left in his glory. The other ten disciples became indignant with James and John. Jesus said to them all: “Rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and…exercise authority over them. Not so with you. Instead, whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, and whoever wants to be first must be slave of all.”

In the world, people in high position have many secretaries and servants like maids, butlers, chauffeurs and even body guards. They don’t have time to do menial chores. One time a famous Christian author came and spoke at our church. She was surprised to see our ministry leaders setting up tables and chairs though her speaking topic was on Servant Leadership. On the first day I came to UBF in 1986, I met a man who was mopping the floor. I thought that he was a janitor but I saw him again delivering Sunday message. He was Dr. John Jun who was the director of Korean UBF. Another time, one middle aged man was boiling ramen noodle for a freshman in a college. Later, I found that he was a judge in a federal court. These people kept me coming to meet such servants for more than 29 years.

There is a saying, “People don’t care how much you know, until they know how much you care.” Jesus cared for people. He tended the sick. As we know, it is not easy to take care of sick people. One nurse said, “Even nurses, whose professional job is taking care of sick people, usually sick of taking care of sick people.” Some of them have to change patients’ soiled clothes and even underwear. They have to feed them, talk to them, mostly listening to their rambling stories or trivial details or complaints.

Let’s think about Jesus, the servant of all. Jesus didn’t just talk about being a slave of all. He actually served people. He didn’t just preach to others or tell his disciples, “Do this. Do that!” Jesus set the example. Jesus washed their dirty feet. Jesus bore with their weaknesses and dullness with patient teaching.

Jesus served the sick. One time he helped Simon Peter’s mother-in-law who was sick in bed with a fever. Jesus took her by the hand and helped her up. Maybe it took 5 minutes, or maybe he spent one hour holding her hand and talking and praying with her. Jesus loved and helped her very personally. A man with leprosy came to Jesus saying, “If you are willing, you can make me clean.” To touch this man would make Jesus unclean in the Jewish society. Also, it could put Jesus at risk of getting sick himself. Even to avoid passing common colds we wash our hands a lot. Jesus touched the leper saying, “I am willing. Be clean!” Jesus said to a paralyzed man, “Son, your sins are forgiven.” Then he healed the man so that he could walk. Jesus spent time to listen to the life testimony of a woman with a 12-year bleeding disease. Jesus took a blind man by the hand and led him outside the village. He spit on the man’s eyes and put his hands on him, two times, until the blind man was healed. Another blind man named Bartimaeus called out to Jesus. People told him to be quiet. But Jesus stopped and called him. Jesus asked him, “What do you want me to do for you?” The blind man said, “Rabbi, I want to see.” Jesus said to him, “Go, your faith has healed you,” and the blind man immediately received his sight and followed Jesus along the road.

Jesus healed many people tormented by evil spirits. Perhaps the most extreme example was the man named Legion, who lived among the tombs. This man would cry out and cut himself with stones. Jesus drove the demons out of him into a herd of pigs and restored the man’s sanity. Have you ever tried to help or make friends with a person who has mental illness? A desperate father could not help his son. So he came to Jesus disciples and Jesus saying, “If you can do anything, take pity on us and help us.” “If you can?” said Jesus. “Everything is possible for one who believes.” The man exclaimed, “I do believe; help me overcome my unbelief!” Jesus commanded the evil spirit out of the boy, and the boy collapsed as if dead. But Jesus took him by the hand and lifted him to his feet, and he stood up.

Jesus served hungry people. Though Jesus had no money, he prayed and fed them all with bread and fish. Jesus served large crowds of people, sometimes healing them, but most of the time teaching them the word of God. Jesus ministered to their tired and aimless souls.

Jesus’ serving life was not only to the demanding crowds. Jesus also served his disciples patiently. Jesus invested his most precious time on earth to teach, to preach, to heal the sick, to drive out demons. Yet Jesus’ serving did not stop there. Jesus explained, “For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” Jesus explained that he came to serve, and not only to serve, but to give his life as a ransom for many. In this way, Jesus served so many more people through his death.

Jesus is telling this to his disciples because he wants his disciples to be true leaders by being a servant until they can serve all, all kinds of people. So it is true measure of greatness in the sight of God; how many people do I serve? If we do not serve anyone, what would people call us? We have all experienced the joy of serving others in some way. We have also experienced the burden and agony of serving others. When you are hungry or tired or after hard work it is difficult to serve others. Rather, we want to be served with food or conveniences or even with words of praise even though that is just a lip service.
Yet, how did Jesus serve at the time of suffering? Jesus warned the women, not to weep for him but for the God’s impending judgment for the sin of the nation. He asked John to take care of his mother as his own. While going through excruciating pain on the cross, Jesus had a Bible study with one of robbers and prayed for the evil people to be forgiven. The life of Jesus’ servantship makes me humble and enlightening. In my life of faith, God has been sending me all kinds of people. In the light of this passage, it is truly God’s blessing for me to serve and grow in the servantship of Jesus. Amen.

There is a story of heaven and hell. God gave the same kinds of delicious food to people both in heaven and in hell with one condition that they can eat using the long spoon in hand. People in hell were try to gather and eat food only for and by themselves but could not eat any with the long spoon, while people in heaven feeding each other. Let’s taste the kingdom of God through serving each other with the love of Christ. Amen!

Through Mark’s gospel study, we learned who Jesus is. Jesus is the Son of God with authority and power. The Son of God is the Promised Messiah who displayed his authority and power in grace, love and sacrifice. This is truly good news of great joy for all people of all nations. When we cry out to him by faith, he will save us. Also the Son of God did not come to be served but to serve. Jesus showed how we can also be great not in the world’s view but in the sight of God. May God bless each one of us to serve each other and one more kinds of people so that we grow in God’s greatness! Amen!

Mark 14:53 – 15:15 Questions

Mark 14:53 – 15:15 Questions


Mark 14:53-15:15 Key Verses: 14:61b-62

“Again the high priest asked him, ‘Are you the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One?’ ‘I am,’ said Jesus. ‘And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.’”

1. Where was Jesus taken and who was there (53-55a)? What verdict did the Sanhedrin have in mind and how did they try to justify it (55b-59)? What does Jesus’ silence in response to the false charges reveal about him (60-61a; Isa 53:7)?

2. Read 14:61b-62. What motivated the high priest’s question? How did Jesus reveal his identity and prophetic judgment (12:36; Rev 1:7)? What hope can we find here (13:26-27)? How did the Sanhedrin respond (63-65)?

3. In contrast to Jesus, how did Peter respond to questioning (66-71)? Why did he deny being with Jesus? What happened when the rooster crowed twice (72)? What does Peter’s weeping teach us about him and about Jesus’ words (14:30)?

4. What plans did the Sanhedrin make and why were they necessary (15:1; Jn 18:31)? What does “king of the Jews” mean (2a)? Why did Jesus answer as he did (2b)? What amazed Pilate (3-5)? What does this show about Jesus?

5. What custom did Pilate try to use to release Jesus and why (6-10)? Why did Pilate fail to release Jesus (11-14)? What was Pilate’s decision (15)? What does Jesus’ trial and condemnation mean to us (1Pe 2:22-24; Ac 2:23-24; Ro 8:1)?

Mark 14:1-26 Questions

Mark 14:1-26 Questions


Mark 14:1-26 Key Verse: 14:24

“This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many,” he said to them.

1. As the special festival was approaching, what were the religious leaders plotting (1-2)? What unusual thing did a woman do to Jesus (3)? Why were some indignant (4-5)? Contrast their view of Jesus with that of the woman.

2. How did Jesus defend the woman (6)? In what sense was her action beautiful (7-8)? How did Jesus honor her (9)? What might have motivated Judas Iscariot, one of the Twelve, to betray Jesus (10-11)?

3. In view of Israel’s history, why was this Passover so important (12; Ex 12:1-14; Jn 1:29; 1Co 5:7)? How did Jesus and his disciples prepare to celebrate it (13-16)?

4. What serious problem did Jesus bring up during the Passover meal and why (17-20)? How did Jesus want his disciples to understand Judas’ betrayal and his own death (21a)? How was this a warning to Judas Iscariot (21b)?

5. During the meal, how did Jesus explain the meaning of the bread and the cup (22-23; Jn 6:35,53-57)? Read verse 24. What do Jesus’ words, “my blood of the covenant” signify to us (Jer 31:31-34; Heb 9:14-15)? What hope does this give (25-26)?

Mark 10:21 – Study Questions

Mark 10:21 – Study Questions


Mark 10:17-31 Key Verse: 10:21

“Jesus looked at him and loved him. ‘One thing you lack,’ he said. ‘Go, sell everything you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.’”


1. What kind of man came to Jesus (17,22; Lk 18:18) What do his attitude toward Jesus and his question reveal about him? Why did Jesus correct his concept of good (18)? How (19)? What should he learn from the second part of the Ten Commandments?

2. What did the man’s answer show about him (20)? Read verse 21. How did Jesus, out of love, help this man see his problem? What is “treasure in heaven” (Mt 6:20-21,24; 1 Ti 6:17-19)? What does “follow me” imply, and how is it related to his question?

3. What decision did the man make (22)? Why was he sad? What was Jesus’ warning to his disciples (23-24)? Why were they amazed? What does verse 25 mean?

4. Why were they even more amazed (26)? What does Jesus’ answer teach about salvation (27; Eph 2:8-9)?

5. How did Jesus’ teaching encourage Peter (28)? What did Jesus promise those who follow him (29-30)? Why does he mention persecution, and what warning did he give (31)? How does Jesus’ promise give us hope and courage to follow him?

Mark 10:21 – Message

Mark 10:21 – Message


Mark 10:17-31 Key Verse: 10:21

“Jesus looked at him and loved him. ‘One thing you lack,’ he said. ‘Go, sell everything you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.’”


Through last Sunday’s passage, Jesus taught that we must be like a little child in order to enter the kingdom of God. Like a little child, we must come to Jesus, just as we are, for his blessing. We must simply accept God’s message and messenger, Jesus, rather than justifying our sins through complicated excuses. God blesses those who have an absolute faith in him as a match maker. Jesus blesses all who come to him like a child, accepting Jesus’ teaching with eager desire of learning mind, pure-heart, simple and absolute faith. May God give each one of us faith in Him who created heavens and the earth, and ordains a marriage! May God bless us to be like little children so that we can enter the kingdom of God! Amen!

In today’s passage Jesus teaches how to have eternal life. Everyone wants to have eternal life. The Spanish explorer Juan Ponce De Leon sailed to Florida in 1513 looking for the fountain of youth. It was rumored that anyone who drank from or bathed in this fountain would remain young forever. But he did not find it and died. Ironically, these days, Florida is a popular residence for retired people. Like Leon, we all long for eternal life; it is a God-given desire (Ec 3:11b). If we have eternal life, we have everything, even if we are penniless. But if we don’t have eternal life we have nothing, even if we have a big bank account. Having eternal life means everything to us. The question is how to obtain it. Today’s passage contrasts a rich young man and Jesus’ disciples. The rich man knew that eternal life is valuable and desperately wanted. But practically, wealth in this world seemed more valuable. He failed to give this up, and could not follow Jesus and have eternal life. On the other hand, Jesus’ disciples left everything to follow him. This is a core requirement of discipleship. Jesus assured them that they had eternal life. Let’s learn from Jesus how we can have eternal life. May God bless each one of us one word of God through today’s passage. Amen!

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Mark 10:15 – Study Questions

Mark 10:15 – Study Questions


Mark 10:1-16 Key Verses: 10:15

“Truly I tell you, anyone who will not receive the kingdom of God like a little child will never enter it.”


1. Where did Jesus go and what was he doing (1)? What did the Pharisees ask Jesus and why (2)? How was this a test (6:17-18; 8:11)?

2. Why did Jesus ask the Pharisees about Moses’ commands (3)? What did Moses’ law permit, and what was the intention (4; Dt 24:1-4)? How did Jesus view this concession (5)?

3. What was God’s plan for marriage at the beginning of creation (6-8)? Why did Jesus quote Genesis (1:27; 2:24)? What does Jesus’ declaration about marriage mean to them and to us today (9)?

4. What did Jesus teach his disciples about people’s motives for divorce (10-12)? Why is divorce a sin against God (Ex 20:14; Mal 2:15-16)?

5. Who was next brought to Jesus and why (13a)? What did the disciples do to make Jesus indignant (13b-14a; 9:36-37)? Why did Jesus let little children come to him (14b, 16)? Read verse 15. How must we all be like little children?

Mark 9:37 – Message

Mark 9:37 – Message


Mark 9:30-50 Key Verse: 9:37

“Whoever welcomes one of these little children in my name welcomes me; and whoever welcomes me does not welcome me but the one who sent me.”


Through last Sunday’s passage, we learn how to overcome unbelief. One father brought a son who was possessed by a deaf and mute demon. The disciples could not heal the boy but argued with the teachers of the law. Jesus lamented, saying, “Oh, unbelieving generation!” Jesus saw it as a generation problem of unbelief. Jesus helped the father to keep his faith to the end, overcoming unbelief. We are also living in an unbelieving generation. God wants us to have faith in him to the end, overcoming personal doubt due to people or hard situations and/or trials in life. God wants us to help one person to have faith in him by sharing the words of God and depending on God through prayer. In this way we can overcome our own unbelief and unbelieving generation; thus, render glory to God. Amen!

In this week, I have repented of my sins of unbelief deeper and mistakes I have made. I realized that often I did not believe in Jesus’ power and tried in my own power. Instead of following the way of Christ, I trusted in my own way. I had faith in favorable circumstances, and it seemed working great at the beginning but no work of God in the end. Only when I despaired in my ability or due to impossible situation, I came to God with earnest heart in prayer, trusting him to the end. Then God shows himself, mysteriously working. May God continue to help me to depend on Jesus through prayer and experience the power of Jesus. Amen!

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